Binational Institutions Repository (BIR)

Political Agreement

That establish rules that help govern the binational relationship. 


We can breakdown this category into three different levels:

  • Treaties or agreements For American Treaties to enter into force, the approval of two-thirds of the Senate is required.; for Executive Agreements, the advice or consent of the Senate is not required, but the approval of the supermajority is.; and for Mexican Treaties, the approval of the Senate is required.

  • Inter-institutional agreements - They must be signed by government agencies without legislative intervention and be limited to their established authority.

  • Statements, joint declarations or joint statements - These are public expressions of principles and intentions, primarily for communication purposes that undergo political rather than legal reviews.

The following list contains agreements relevant to the United States - Mexico binational institutional architecture across a time series. Furthermore, the mapping of this binational institutional category is a work in progress and will be updated constantly.

*In line with the principles of open data, we invite you to comment and suggest edits in all the files.


La Paz Agreement (1983)

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) 

United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) (2020)

U.S.-Mexico Joint Declaration 2021 (2021)

The Bucareli Treaty (1923)