Binational Institutions Repository (BIR)

Political Agreement

That establish rules that help govern the binational relationship. 


We can breakdown this category into three different levels:

  • Treaties or agreements For American Treaties to enter into force, the approval of two-thirds of the Senate is required.; for Executive Agreements, the advice or consent of the Senate is not required, but the approval of the supermajority is.; and for Mexican Treaties, the approval of the Senate is required.

  • Inter-institutional agreements - They must be signed by government agencies without legislative intervention and be limited to their established authority.

  • Statements, joint declarations or joint statements - These are public expressions of principles and intentions, primarily for communication purposes that undergo political rather than legal reviews.

The following list contains agreements relevant to the United States - Mexico binational institutional architecture across a time series. Furthermore, the mapping of this binational institutional category is a work in progress and will be updated constantly.

*In line with the principles of open data, we invite you to comment and suggest edits in all the files.


La Paz Agreement (1983)

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) 

United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) (2020)

U.S.-Mexico Joint Declaration 2021 (2021)

The Bucareli Treaty (1923)

The McLane-Ocampo Treaty (1859)

The Treaty of Limits (1828)

U.S. – Mexico Convention of the Final Adjustment of Certain Unsettled Claims (1941)

Water Treaty Between Mexico and the United States (1944)

Banco Convention Treaty (1905)

De la Huerta–Lamont Treaty (1922)

NAFTA (1994)

The Adams–Onís Treaty (1819)

The Boundary Treaty (1972)

The Gadsden Purchase Treaty (1853)

Treaty for the Utilization of Waters of the Colorado and Tijuana Rivers and
of the Rio Grande (1884)